Trade War: Nigeria must Adopt Policies to Protect Local Economy – Emefiele
By Tony Obiechina, LOKOJA Governor of Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN), Mr. Godwin Emefiele has said that Nigeria should take a cue from the ongoing global trade war by adopting policies to protect the local economy.
Emefiele made the call in a keynote address delivered at the annual CBN seminar for finance correspondents and business editors in Lokoja, Kogi State on Wednesday. He was represented by the Bank’s Director of Monetary Policy Department, Dr Moses Tule.
Citing the example of the foreign exchange restriction placed on 41 items by the CBN, Emefiele stressed that selective protection is necessary to address the challenges confronting the nation’s economy.
“In today’s world, countries have used trade protection repeatedly as a policy to resolve negative perceptions and shocks in their respective countries.
“In other words, should Nigeria with insatiable taste for foreign goods to the detriment of the domestic economic realities( unemployment and imported inflation) throw its borders open to indiscriminate importation of goods and services?
“This was the prevailing condition in Nigeria before the introduction of restriction of official foreign exchange for the importation of 41 items.
“It was an eclectic policy carefully crafted with a view to reversing the multiple challenges of dwindling foreign reserves, contracting GDP-recession and an embarrassing rise in the level of unemployment confronting the economy.
“The implementation of the 41 items, in addition to the other complementary macroeconomic policies, no doubt, was effective in lifting the Nigerian economy out of recession.
“For example, the real Gross Domestic Product (GDP) grew by 1.40 per cent in the third quarter of 2017, up from 0.72 per cent, and contraction of 0.91 per cent in the second and first quarter of 2017, respectively. Also, there has been improved reserve accretion to the country’s reserve”.